Disruptive mood dysregulation disorder (DMDD) was introduced in (DSM-5) as a new diagnostic category to get control on the exaggerated diagnosis of bipolar disorder in children and adolescents which was elevated more than 40 times in the last decade. Few studies were done recently to explore the role of family history of bipolar disorder in the occurrence of DMDD in children and adolescents. Unfortunately, there is limited number of studies about the familial transmission of DMDD.
The aim of this study is to examine the presence of a relation between DMDD and the presence of a family history of bipolar disorder through comparing the diagnosis of DMDD in offspring of parents with (a) bipolar disorder and (b) a control group.
The distribution of psychiatric disorders among the studied groups highlighted that DMDD and depressive disorder are significantly present in the offsprings of bipolar parents more than in the offsprings of control parents. DMDD is significantly present among offsprings of bipolar parents aged ≤ 11 years old (p = 0.008*). Also, DMDD is significantly (p = 0.02) present among male offsprings of bipolar parents. Also, depressive disorder is significantly (p = 0.002) present among female offsprings of control parents. While significant comorbidity between DMDD and depressive disorders (p = 0.018*) was detected.
This study revealed that DMDD and depressive disorders are significantly present in the offsprings of bipolar parents higher than in the offsprings of control parents. DMDD is significantly present among the offsprings of bipolar parents aged ≤ 11 years old.
The relation between sex and affective disorders among the offsprings was also assessed revealing that DMDD is significantly present among male offsprings of bipolar parents. Also, depressive disorders are significantly present among female offsprings of control parents.
This study has several clinical implications. This study draws attention to the importance of the careful assessment of the offsprings of bipolar patients to check the presence of different childhood psychiatric disorders such as DMDD. Also, symptoms of temper outbursts and persistent irritability in childhood require the necessary of psychiatric evaluation not only for the patients but also for their families. In addition, this study highlights the need for accurate updated diagnostic instruments to differentiate between these overlapping symptoms.
As regards implications for future research, following-up of children diagnosed with DMDD to recognize the prognostic outcome of this new diagnostic category is necessary.