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Table 2 Comparison between adolescents with conduct disorder, with and without ADHD, and control adolescents regarding right hemispheric cortical thickness (mm)

From: Volumetric brain abnormalities in adolescents with conduct disorder with and without attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder: a case control study

Area Control (n = 20) CD only (n = 13) ADHD + CD (n = 14) F p value
Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD
Frontal pole 2.938a 0.363 2.456b 0.423 2.780a 0.414 5.9 0.005
Superior frontal 2.940a 0.222 2.735b 0.161 2.952a 0.129 6.3 0.004
Rostral middle frontal 2.506a 0.152 2.256b 0.054 2.481a 0.243 9.7 ≤ 0.001
Caudal middle frontal 2.717a 0.239 2.486b 0.248 2.752a 0.127 6.2 0.004
Lateral orbitofrontal 2.844a 0.165 2.304b 0.141 2.563c 0.068 63.3 ≤ 0.001
Medial orbitofrontal 2.723a 0.186 2.253b 0.110 2.411b 0.327 19.1 ≤ 0.001
Anterior cingulate 2.698 0.345 2.594 0.249 2.622 0.239 0.6 0.6
Posterior cingulate 2.787a 0.161 2.475b 0.100 2.563b 0.106 25.0 ≤ 0.001
Precentral 2.660a 0.146 2.350b 0.166 2.514c 0.187 14.2 ≤ 0.001
Insula 3.250a 0.293 2.943b 0.213 3.060a, b 0.190 6.6 0.003
Post central 2.179a 0.140 1.915b 0.183 2.022b 0.128 12.9 ≤ 0.001
Precuneus 2.654a 0.183 2.360b 0.112 2.502b 0.134 15.0 ≤ 0.001
Superior temporal 2.989a 0.267 2.575b 0.270 2.632b 0.132 15.3 ≤ 0.001
Lateral occipital 2.298a 0.192 1.716b 0.076 1.945c 0.154 57.6 ≤ 0.001
Mean right hemispheric 2.664a 0.137 2.317b 0.109 2.490c 0.103 33.4 ≤ 0.001
  1. Comparisons were done using ANOVA test for all variables (p values ≤ 0.05)
  2. Different superscripts mean significant difference between groups after Bonferroni correction.