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Table 4 The association between anxiety severity and sample characteristics (n = 1049)

From: Prevalence of anxiety and depression among Palestinian university students: a cross-sectional study during COVID-19 pandemic

Variable Anxiety severity based on GAD-7 score χ2 p value
No anxiety (< 5) Mild
(5–9)
Moderate (10–14) Severe (> 14)
Gender Male 75 (18.6%) 140 (34.7%) 137 (34.0%) 51 (12.7%) 8.438 0.038
Female 104 (16.1%) 239 (37.0%) 185 (28.6%) 118 (18.3%)
Field of study Human medicine 47 (13.7%) 116 (33.8%) 114 (33.2%) 66 (19.2%) 12.236 0.200
Health sciences 49 (20.9%) 89 (38.0%) 65 (27.8%) 31 (13.2%)
Scientific non-health majors 39 (19.5%) 69 (34.5%) 58 (29.0%) 34 (17.0%)
Literary majors 44 (16.2%) 105 (38.6%) 85 (31.3%) 38 (14.0%)
Study year First year 47 (24.0%) 76 (38.8%) 52 (26.5%) 21 (10.7%) 30.928 0.009
Second year 48 (15.2%) 122 (38.7%) 95 (30.2%) 50 (15.9%)
Third year 40 (18.7%) 68 (31.8%) 59 (27.6%) 47 (22.0%)
Fourth year 23 (12.0%) 73 (38.2%) 65 (34.0%) 30 (15.7%)
Fifth year 19 (16.0%) 37 (31.1%) 47 (39.5%) 16 (13.4%)
Sixth year 2 (14.3%) 3 (21.4%) 4 (28.6%) 5 (35.7%)
Sleeping duration/day Less than 6 h 38 (14.3%) 97 (36.5%) 70 (26.3%) 61 (22.9%) 19.968 0.003
6 to 8 h 121 (18.8%) 239 (37.2%) 200 (31.1%) 83 (12.9%)
More than 8 h 20 (14.3%) 43 (30.7%) 52 (37.1%) 25 (17.9%)
Smoking No 129 (17.3%) 285 (38.3%) 205 (27.6%) 125 (16.8%) 12.457 0.006
Yes 50 (16.4%) 94 (30.8%) 117 (38.4%) 44 (14.4%)
Source of food Homemade food 64 (20.8%) 106 (34.5%) 97 (31.6%) 40 (13.0%) 17.083 0.009
Restaurants 29 (15.2%) 60 (31.4%) 75 (39.3%) 27 (14.1%)
Homemade food and restaurants 86 (15.6%) 213 (38.7%) 150 (27.2%) 102 (18.5%)
Place of residence Village 65 (12.7%) 197 (38.6%) 170 (33.3%) 79 (15.5%) 18.521 0.005
City 101 (21.4%) 157 (33.2%) 131 (27.7%) 84 (17.8%)
Camp 13 (20.0%) 25 (38.5%) 21 (32.3%) 6 (9.2%)