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Table 1 Comparison between pregnant and postpartum women regarding the sociodemographic data and subjective feeling of stress scores

From: Prevalence and related factors of perinatal depression in Egyptian mothers

Variable Pregnant
(N = 166)
Postpartum
(N = 135)
X2 P Odd ratio
Age 23.7 + 4.9 24.7 + 5.3 1.547a 0.123  
Education Illiterate 43 (25.9%) 34 (25.2%) 28.311 < 0.001*  
Primary 26 (15.7%) 21 (15.6%)
Secondary 68 (41%) 24 (17.8%)
High education 29 (17.5%) 56 (41.5%)
Occupation Housewife 153 (92.2%) 132 (97.8%) Fisher’s exact test 0.031* 0.267 (0.075–0.959)
Employed 13 (7.8%) 3 (2.2%)
Number of children 0 74 (44.6%) 0 (0.0%) Fisher’s exact test < 0.001*  
1 41 (24.7%) 41 (30.4%)
≥ 2 51 (30.7%) 94 (69.6%)
Socioeconomic level Very low 129 (77.7%) 100 (75.2%) 5.897 0.117  
Low 18 (10.8%) 18 (13.5%)
Middle 16 (9.6%) 7 (5.3%)
High 3 (1.8%) 8 (6.0%)
Subjective feeling of stress Absent 146 (88.0%) 124 (91.9%) 3.565 0.468  
Mother in low disputes 13 (7.8%) 9 (6.7%)
Child responsibility 3 (1.8%) 0 (0.0%)
Stigma of being 2nd wife 1 (0.6%) 0 (0.0%)
Financial burdens 3 (1.8%) 2 (1.5%)
  1. a t-test used as test of significance. X2, chi-square test. *Significant