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Table 7 The means of sex hormones among studied abusers compared to nonabusers

From: Association between male sex hormones and tramadol abuse

Sex hormone Abusers
N = 67
Nonabusers
N = 67
p-value
Total testosterone (ng/ml) 5.18 ± 1.95 7.79 ± 1.63 0.002*
LH (m IU/ml) 4.67 ± 2.43 7.80 ± 1.99 0.003*
FSH (m IU/ml) 3.76 ± 2.82 3.28 ± 1.03 0.682
  1. P-value (0.002 and 0.003) of independent T-test is statistically highly significant. N = number. Normal range for total testosterone (2.62–15.9 ng/ml), for LH (1.7–11.2 m IU/ml), for FSH (2.0–18.6m IU/ml)