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Table 3 Comparison of GHQ-28 and coping style scores between pre/para-clinical and clinical group of participants

From: Coping styles to vitiate the risk of psychological morbidities among pre/para-clinical and clinical undergraduate medical students: a comparative cross-sectional study in India

Sr. no. Scale Subscale Mean (SD); frequency (%) (t-test/Mann-Whitney U-test value) p-value
Total medical students (N = 382) Pre/para-clinical group (N = 208) Clinical group (N = 174)
1 GHQ-28 Somatic functiona 7.89 (4.24) 7.95 (4.06) 7.83 (4.46) (0.274) 0.784
Anxiety and insomniaa 7.89 (5.10) 7.47 (4.89) 8.39 (5.31) (−1.748) 0.081
Social dysfunction 10.17 (3.93) 10.19 (3.88) 10.14 (3.98) (0.135) 0.893
Severe depressiona 5.01 (4.98) 4.89 (4.69) 5.13 (5.32) (−0.463) 0.644
Total GHQ-28 mean score 30.95 (15.39) 30.50 (14.75) 31.48 (16.16) (−0.617) 0.537
2 Coping styles Active emotional coping (AEC) 23.22 (1.80) 23.20 (1.68) 23.25 (1.93) (−0.323) 0.747
Passive emotional coping (PEC) 22.46 (3.94) 22.44 (3.90) 22.47 (3.99) (0.076) 0.939
Active problem coping (APC) 18.01 (1.82) 17.78 (1.69) 18.28 (1.92) (−2.702) 0.007**
Passive problem coping (PPC) 21.87 (3.72) 21.75 (3.55) 22.02 (3.90) (−0.704) 0.482
  1. GHQ-28 General Health Questionnaire-28, SD Standard deviation
  2. **p < 0.01
  3. aMann-Whitney U-test (mean < 2 SD)