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Table 1 Comparison of sociodemographic variables between pre/para-clinical and clinical group of participants

From: Coping styles to vitiate the risk of psychological morbidities among pre/para-clinical and clinical undergraduate medical students: a comparative cross-sectional study in India

Sr. no. Variables Frequency (%) (Chi-square value) p-value
Subgroups Total medical students (N = 382) Pre/para-clinical group (N = 208) Clinical Group (N=174)
1 Gender Female 239 (62.4) 129 (62) 110 (63.2) (0.058) 0.832
Male 143 (37.6) 79 (38) 64 (36.8)
2 Residence (born/raised before entering the course) Rural 267 (69.9) 149 (71.6) 118 (67.8) (0.657) 0.435
Urban 115 (30.1) 59 (28.4) 56 (32.2)
3 Type of family Nuclear 261 (68.3) 141 (67.8) 120 (69) (0.061) 0.826
Joint 121 (31.7) 67 (32.2) 54 (31)
4 Living status during the course Hostel 345 (90.3) 191 (90.8) 154 (88.5) (1.195) 0.300
Day scholar 37 (9.7) 17 (9.2) 20 (11.5)
5 Average sleeping hours per day < 6 h 152 (39.8) 82 (39.4) 70 (40.2) (0.026) 0.917
> 6 h 230 (60.2) 126 (60.6) 104 (59.8)
6 Do you consume one or more substance (tobacco/alcohol/cannabis/opioid) currently? Yes 109 (28.5) 42 (20.2) 67 (38.5) (15.582) < 0.001***
No 273 (71.5) 166 (79.8) 107 (61.5)
7 Exercise status < 3 days/week 229 (59.9) 124 (59.6) 105 (60.3) (0.021) 0.917
≥ 3 Days  /week 153 (40.1) 84 (40.4) 69 (39.7)
  1. SD Standard deviation
  2. ***p < 0.001