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Table 3 Univariate analysis of variables depicting their relation of depression and anxiety

From: Prevalence of depression and anxiety among school-going adolescents in Indian Kashmir valley during COVID-19 pandemic

   Total N (%) Depression present N (%)
Score ≥ 10
p value Anxiety present N (%)
Score ≥ 10
p value
Total   426 68 (15.96)   85 (19.95)  
Age Less than 18 204 34 (16.67) 0.12 51 (25.00) 0.01
More than 18 222 34 (15.32)   34 (15.32)  
Gender Male 242 35 (14.16)   34 (14.05)  
Female 184 33 (17.93) 0.352 51 (27.72) 0.001
BMI Underweight 34 2 (5.88)   3 (8.82)  
Normal 291 40 (13.75)   65 (22.32)  
Overweight 101 26 (25.74) 0.001 17 (16.83) 0.004
Residence Urban 332 50 (15.06)   59 (17.77)  
Rural 94 18 (19.15) 0.34 26 (27.66) 0.04
Physical activity Less than optimal 186 51 (27.42)   38 (20.43)  
Optimal and more 240 17 (7.08) 0.00 47 (19.58) 0.82
Level of education Less than 10th 169 32 (18.93) 0.179 31 (18.34) 0.537
More than 10th 257 36 (14.01) 54 (21.01)
Self-diagnosis of any mental illness Yes 4 4 (100) 0.001 4 (100) 0.007
No 422 64 (15.17) 81 (19.19)
Family diagnosis of any mental illness Yes 7 3 (42.86) 0.13 4 (57.14) 0.044
No 419 65 (15.51) 81 (19.33)
Past history of personal COVID-19 infection Yes 34 26 (76.47) 0.001 22 (64.71) 0.001
No 392 42 (10.71) 63 (16.07)
Past history of COVID-19 infection in family Yes 111 26 (23.42) 0.0158 17 (15.32) 0.169
No 315 42 (13.33) 68 (21.59)
History of hospital admission for any family member due to COVID-19 Yes 34 16 (47.06) 0.001 19 (55.88) 0.001
No 392 52 (13.27) 66 (16.84)
History of being quarantined for 14 days Yes 111 26 (23.42) 0.0158 17 (15.32) 0.169
No 315 42 (13.33) 68 (21.59)
  1. Fisher exact test used for all cells except for cells with any value less than 5 in which case chi square test with Yates correction used
  2. Numbers in parenthesis are percentages
  3. Correlation of quantitative variables with GAD-7 and PHQ-9A for adolescents