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Table 5 Sociodemographic factors associated with PTSD post COVID-19 lockdown

From: Increased psychological distress after the lifting of COVID-19 lockdown in the Saudi population: a cross-sectional study

Parameter Category N % p value
Gender Male 128 42.4  
Female 84 40.4 .653
Age category (years) 18-30 123 41.0  
31-40 57 44.5  
41-50 27 46.6  
> 50 5 20.8 .148
Educational level Primary 1 50.0  
Middle 2 28.6  
Secondary 64 42.1  
University 116 41.1  
Post-graduate 29 43.3 .955
Region/province Makkah 48 40.3  
Madinah 20 54.1  
Riyadh 51 36.2  
Qassim 46 42.6  
Eastern Province 20 62.5  
Northern regions 4 20.0  
Southern regions 11 37.9  
Moving 12 50.0 .041*
Region prevalence (cases per 1 million inhabitants) Low (< 10k) 59 34.9  
Moderate (10-12k) 95 40.8  
High (> 12k) 46 54.8  
Unclassified (moving) 12 50.0 .020*
Marital status Single 123 42.3  
Married 84 40.4  
Divorced 5 50.0  
Widow 0 0.0 .757
Number of children None 126 41.7  
1-3 51 44.3  
4-6 31 37.3  
7-10 4 40.0 .804
Professional status Unemployed 29 40.8  
Student 93 41.3  
Employee 82 43.6  
Entrepreneur 4 28.6  
Retired 4 33.3 .799
Working in health sector No 187 41.8  
Yes 25 39.7 .746
Relative working in health sector No 154 43.9  
Yes 58 36.5 .116
Family income (SAR) < 5k 35 52.2  
5-10k 55 42.3  
10-15k 56 41.2  
15-20k 24 30.8  
20-25k 21 51.2  
> 25k 21 36.2 .102
Accommodation Apartment 87 43.9  
Floor 46 43.8  
Villa 79 38.2 .435
No. occupants 1 3 33.3  
2 5 31.3  
3-5 77 44.5  
6+ 127 40.7 .645
  1. *Statistically significant result (p < 0.050)