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Table 1 Demographic characteristics of medical students in Jordan and its association with anxiety, depression, PHQ-4 total score, and FCV-19S score (n= 2104)

From: The impact of COVID-19 pandemic on medical students’ mental health and sleep quality in Jordan: a nationwide cross-sectional study

Variables Anxiety subscale screening Depression subscale screening PHQ-4 total score FCV-19S score
Positive (n=1488) Negative (n=616) p-value Positive (n=1475) Negative (n=629) p-value Mean (SD) p-value Mean (SD) p-value
Age (mean 21.30, SD 2.2) 21.31 (2.2) 21.23 (2.1) 0.47 21.30 (2.2) 21.24 (2.1) 0.60 NA NA
Gender:
 Female (n= 1234) 875 359 0.82 856 378 0.38 7.05 (3.7) 0.59 14.59 (5.3) 0.75
 Male (n= 870) 613 257 619 251 6.96 (3.6) 14.67 (5.5)
Study level:
 1st year (n= 324) 230 94 0.054 221 103 0.44 6.89 (3.7) 0.19 14.65 (5.4) 0.18
 2nd year (n= 481) 349 132 338 143 7.03 (3.5) 14.95 (5.6)
 3rd year (n= 298) 206 92 207 91 6.85 (3.8) 14.60 (5.4)
 4th year (n= 245) 156 89 169 76 6.70 (3.9) 13.94 (5.1)
 5th year (n= 294) 200 94 200 94 6.95 (3.6) 14.86 (5.5)
 6th year (n= 271) 204 67 206 65 7.49 (3.6) 14.18 (5.3)
 Internship (n= 191) 143 48 134 57 7.28 (3.4) 14.96 (5.0)
Personal history of mental illness:
 No (n= 1536) 1091 445 0.61 1093 443 0.08 7.06 (3.6) 0.39 14.73 (5.4) 0.16
 Yes (n= 568) 397 171 382 186 6.90 (3.7) 14.35 (5.3)
Family/close friend history of mental illness:
 No (n= 1033) 736 297 0.60 725 308 0.94 7.03 (3.6) 0.87 14.73 (5.3) 0.40
 Yes (n= 1071) 752 319 750 321 7.00 (3.6) 14.53 (5.5)
Sleep quality:
 Excellent (n= 196) 101 95 <0.001 94 102 <0.001 4.83 (4.2) <0.001 12.95 (5.0) <0.001
 Good (n= 910) 664 246 643 267 6.93 (3.8) 14.26 (4.7)
 Fair (n= 694) 525 169 538 156 7.75 (3.3) 15.37 (5.8)
 Poor (n= 304) 198 109 200 104 7.00 (3.0) 15.10 (6.1)