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Table 4 Ranking of stress factors by mean (N = 966)

From: Perceived stress among university students in Oman during COVID-19-induced e-learning

Academic factors Mean SD
 1. I have to attend to more exams than I used to attend before COVID-19 4.12 0.98
 2. Online education during COVID-19 has increased my academic workload 3.96 1.03
 3. I am facing technical difficulties (no or poor access to required technology) 3.96 1.08
 4. Online education has made it difficult to manage my time 3.89 1.09
 5. I am facing difficulty understanding course contents through online educational platforms 3.88 0.99
 6. My performance in exams has decreased during COVID-19 3.83 1.09
 7. Learning materials provided by the instructors are not sufficient. 3.63 1.01
Overall academic 3.89 0.75
Psychological factors (N = 966)
 1. I have constant fear of losing grades 4.33 0.93
 2. I am most of the time worried about my performance 4.27 0.96
 3. I worry about my health 4.13 1.05
 4. I am not able to concentrate during online lectures 3.50 1.09
Overall psychological 4.06 0.69
Social factors (N = 966)
 5. My family is suffering due to my over engagement in academic work 3.91 1.06
 6. I get very little support from my family to manage my academic requirements 3.74 1.17
 7. My teachers are less cooperative in solving my academic problems 3.50 1.06
Overall social 3.72 0.82