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Table 1 Levels of fear according to socio-demographic characteristics during the COVID-19 vaccination

From: Public fear of COVID-19 vaccines in Iraqi Kurdistan region: a cross-sectional study

Variables Low, N (%) Medium, N (%) High, N (%) Total p value
General population 408 (34.3%) 674 (56.7%) 106 (8.9%) 1188  
Sex
 Male 228 (19.19) 286 (24.07) 47 (3.96) 561 < 0.001**
 Female 180 (15.15) 388 (32.66) 59 (4.97) 627
Age
 18–24 120 (10.10) 243 (20.46) 47 (3.96) 410 < 0.002*
 25–34 126 (10.60) 238 (20.03) 29 (2.44) 393
 35–44 116 (9.77) 128 (10.79) 17 (1.43) 261
 45–54 33 (2.78) 38 (3.19) 5 (0.42) 76
 55–64 11 (0.92) 25 (2.10) 7 (0.59) 43
 65+ 2 (0.17) 2 (0.17) 1 (0.08) 5
Education
 Lower than high school 24 33 10 67 < 0.002*
 High school 33 35 11 79
 Diploma/bachelor 263 485 77 825
 H.diploma/Master/Ph.D 88 121 88 217
Occupation
 Healthcare workers 117 (9.59) 148 (11.27) 14 (0.92) 279 < 0.001**
 Government employee 128 (10.77) 203 (17.08) 27 (2.27) 358
 Self-employee 22 (1.85) 23 (1.93) 5 (0.42) 50
 Private sector 17 (1.68) 26 (3.36) 3 (0.42) 46
 Students 86 (10.21) 205 (17.25) 40 (3.36) 331
 Jobless 38 (3.19) 68 (5.72) 18 (1.51) 124
Province
 Hawler 183 (15.40) 259 (21.80) 38 (3.19) 480 0.003*
 Sulaymaniyah 50 (4.20) 103 (8.67) 6 (0.50) 159
 Duhok 168 (14.14) 288 (24.24) 61 (5.13) 517
 Halabja 7 (0.58) 24 (2.02) 1 (0.08) 32
  1. χ2 chi-square test; *p < 0.05 is significant; **p < 0.001 is highly significant