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Table 3 Comparison between autistic and non-autistic children in natal and perinatal data

From: Prevalence and risk factors of autism spectrum disorders in preschool children in Sharkia, Egypt: a community-based study

Variable Autistic
(n = 20)
Non autistic#
(n = 84)
χ2 P
No. % No. %
Type of pregnancy       
 Natural 20 100 84 100 -- --
Gestational age       
 Full term 20 100 84 100 -- --
Place of delivery       
 ZUH 2 10 0 0   
 Private hospital 12 60 78 92.9 Fisher 0.60
 Clinic 4 20 4 4.8   NS
 Home 2 10 2 2.4   
Mode of delivery       
 NVD 12 60 35 41.7 2.19 0.14
 CS 8 40 49 58.3   NS
Birth weight    t  
 Mean ± SD 3.25 ± 0.33 3.37 ± 0.22 1.92 0.06
 Range 2.6-3.5 3-3.5   NS
Complication at birth       
 No 20 100 78 92.9 Fisher 0.41
 Yes 0 0 6 7.1   NS
Incubator       
 No 20 100 80 95.2 Fisher 0.42
 Yes 0 0 4 4.8   NS
Feeding       
 Breast feeding 5 25 50 59.5   
 Artificial 8 40 18 21.4 7.73 0.02*
 Combined 7 35 16 19   
Type of milk       
 Fresh animal 7 46.7 0 0 Fisher < 0.001**
 Powdered milk 8 53.3 34 100   
Onset of weaning       
 ≤ 6 months 19 95 50 59.5 Fisher < 0.001**
 ≥ 6 months 1 5 34 40.5   
Artificial food       
 No 8 40 73 86.9 20.63 < 0.001**
 Yes 12 60 11 13.1   
  1. #Non-autistic children included here were those of the high-risk group
  2. **Statistically significant