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Table 4 Comparison between the studied sample groups regarding five-factor model

From: Personality traits in patients with refractory versus non-refractory epilepsy

  (A) Refractory epilepsy (B) Unrefractory epilepsy (C) Control people p value
Mean ± SD Mean ± SD Mean ± SD
Neuroticism 25.51 ± 7.72 22.02 ± 8.92 17.93 ± 7.99 < 0.001**
Extraversion 18.07 ± 7.31 20.02 ± 8.77 22.28 ± 9.98 0.088
Openness to experience 7 ± 4.54 11.07 ± 9.74 10.1 ± 8.81 0.046*
Agreeableness 25.64 ± 5.25 27.78 ± 6.48 25.68 ± 7.65 0.212
Conscientiousness 12.8 ± 6.02 16.8 ± 6.79 13.85 ± 5.03 0.006**