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Table 1 Comparison between home-isolated patients and hospital-isolated patients in demographic, clinical characteristics, and psychiatric symptoms

From: Depressive, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress symptoms affecting hospitalized and home-isolated COVID-19 patients: a comparative cross-sectional study

Variables Home isolation (n = 43)
Group A
Hospital isolation (n = 46)
Group B
p
Demographic characteristics Age (years):
Mean ± SD 39.9 ± 8.8 41.3 ± 9.3 0.5
Sex, n (%):
 Male 29 (67.4%) 32 (69.6%) 0.8
 Female 14 (32.6%) 14 (30.4%)
Marital status, n (%):
 Married 31 (72.1%) 28 (60.9%) 0.4
 Single 5 (11.6%) 7 (15.2%)
 Divorced 5 (11.6%) 4 (8.7%)
 Widow 2 (4.7%) 7 (15.2%)
Education, n (%):
 Primary and preparatory education 4 (9.3%) 2 (4.3%) 0.8
 Secondary education 6 (14.0%) 5 (10.9%)
 High education 23 (53.4%) 28 (60.9%)
 Post-graduate education 10 (23.3%) 11 (23.9%)
Occupation, n (%):
 Medical 13 (30.2%) 22 (47.8%) 0.09
 Non-medical 30 (69.8%) 24 (52.2%)
Residence, n (%):
 Urban 19 (44.2%) 26 (56.5%) 0.2
 Rural 24 (55.8%) 20 (43.5%)
Clinical characteristics Chronic disease, n (%): 12 (27.9%) 23 (50.0%) 0.03**
Smoking, n (%): 10 (23.3%) 17 (37.0%) 0.2
History of psychiatric disorder, n (%):
 Depression 5 (11.6%) 3 (6.5%) 0.5
 Insomnia 2 (4.7%) 1 (2.2%)
 Anxiety 3 (7.0%) 1 (2.2%)
 OCD 0 (0.0%) 1 (2.2%)
Family history of psychiatric disorder, n (%):
 Depression 5 (11.6%) 7 (15.2%) 0.7
 OCD 3 (7.0%) 4 (8.7%)
 Insomnia 3 (7.0%) 1 (2.2%)
 Bipolar disorder 2 (4.7%) 2 (4.3%)
Psychiatric symptoms Mood status:
 Positive (relaxed, calm, cheerful) 5 (15.6%) 11 (23.9%) 0.4
 Negative (nervous, irritated, sad) 27 (84.4%) 35 (76.1%)
Loss of concentration 42 (97.7%) 40 (87.0%) 0.1
Weakness of memory 39 (90.7%) 37 (80.4%) 0.2
Annoying, urgent, and repetitive thoughts 17 (39.5%) 11 (23.9%) 0.1
Paranoid thoughts 5 (11.6%) 9 (19.6%) 0.3
Suicide thoughts 16 (37.2%) 6 (13.0%) 0.008**
Hallucinations 0 (0.0%) 3 (6.5%) 0.2
  1. Test of significance: Pearson’s chi-squared test, Fisher’s exact test, and Student’s t test
  2. **Statistical significance