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Table 2 PTSD symptoms among COVID-19 survivors and control subjects

From: Post-traumatic stress symptoms among an Egyptian sample of post-remission COVID-19 survivors: prevalence and sociodemographic and clinical correlates

Variable COVID-19 Survivors (n = 85) Control (n = 85) Test P value
  Mean ± SD   
   MWU  
Avoidance 1.80 ± 0.87 1.43 ± 0.93 −2.74 0.006
Intrusion 1.68 ± 0.83 1.37 ± 0.94 −2.04 0.042
Hyperarousal 2.01 ± 0.90 1.21 ± 0.82 −5.70 <0.001
Total mean IES-R 5.48 ± 2.14 4.02 ± 2.33 −4.17 <0.001
  N (%) X2  
Total IES-R score
No-to-Mild PTSD 24 (28.2) 40 (47.1) 6.42 0.011
Moderate-to-severe PTSD symptoms 61 (71.8) 45 (52.9)
  1. Bold text indicates statistical significance where P value < 0.05