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Table 3 Multivariable-adjusted odds ratios and confidence intervals of the premenstrual and menstrual symptoms according to insomnia

From: Association of sleep duration and insomnia with menstrual symptoms among young women in Upper Egypt

SymptomsNo insomnia (Ref)InsomniaOR (95% CI)
Irregular cycle922 (25.3)126 (26.4)1.0 (0.8–1.3)
Premenstrual
 Spasm2238 (61.4)373 (78.2)2.3 (1.8–2.8)
 Nervousness1353 (37.1)251 (52.6)2.3 (1.9–2.8)
 Fatigue1215 (33.3)278 (58.3)2.9 (2.4–3.6)
 Headache728 (20.0)188 (39.4)2.6 (2.2–3.2)
 Breast pain727 (19.9)146 (30.6)1.9 (1.5–2.3)
 Weight gain462 (12.7)121 (25.4)2.6 (2.0–3.3)
 GIT symptoms423 (11.6)122 (25.6)2.8 (2.2–3.6)
Menstrual
 Menses > 4 days2484 (68.1)331 (69.4)1.1 (0.9–1.3)
 Dysmenorrhea3333 (91.4)460 (96.4)2.6 (1.6–4.3)
  1. Adjusted for gynecological age, residence, educational and occupational status, marriage, parental education, passive smoking, diet, and circumcision
  2. No insomnia includes never and rarely; insomnia includes sometimes and always
  3. Reference: no insomnia