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Table 4 Relationship between work-related characteristics and PTSD among nursing staff

From: Post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms among nursing staff who provided direct care to COVID-19 patients: a cross-sectional study

Work-related characteristics PTSD P-value
Absent (n = 62) Present (n = 40)
Unit of practice, n (%)
 ICU 14 (22.6) 11 (27.5) 0.319
 Isolation zone 18 (24.2) 17 (42.5)
 Inpatient non-ICU 20 (32.3) 8 (20)
 ER isolation zone 4 (6.5) 1 (2.5)
 Intermediate care 3 (4.8) 2 (5)
 OR 2 (3.2) 0 (0)
 Clinics 1 (1.6) 1 (2.5)
Years of experience, n (%)
  < 2 years 16 (25.8) 11 (27.5) 0.628
 3–8 years 28 (45.2) 22 (55)
 9–14 years 7 (11.3) 3 (7.5)
  > 15 years 11 (17.7) 4 (10)
Employment status, n (%)
 Full time 59 (95.2) 38 (95) 0.971
 Part time 3 (4.8) 2 (5)
Hours worked per week
 36 h 11 (17.7) 3 (7.5) 0.177
 48 h 34 (54.8) 17
 60 h 10 (16.1) 4 (10)
 72 h 3 (4.8) 11 (27.5)
 84 h 4 (6.5) 5 (12.5)
Frequent short breaks
 No 17 (27.4) 22 (55) 0.007*
 Yes 45 (72) 18 (45)  
Provision of appropriate work wear
 No 19 (30.6) 16 (40) 0.394
 Yes 43 (69.4) 24 (60)
Adequate training
 Inadequate 13 (21) 12 (30) 0.349
 Adequate 49 (79) 28 (70)
Organization support and compensation
 Inadequate 40 (64.5) 34 (85) 0.024*
 Adequate 22 (35.5) 6 (15)
Time off work
 Inadequate 27 (43.5) 29 (72.5) 0.004*
  1. P-values are based on the chi-square test. Statistical significance at P ≤ 0.05
  2. PTSD post-traumatic stress disorder