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Table 3 Association between stress, sense of control, and depressive symptoms

From: Depressive symptoms and its correlates among medical students in Upper Egypt

Variables Total Depressive symptoms No depressive symptom P value*
n = 766 (%) n = 425 (%) n = 341 (%)
MSSQ     
  ▪ ARS 1.73 ± 0.7 1.94 ± 0.7 1.47 ± 0.6  < 0.001
  ▪ IRS 1.93 ± 0.9 2.19 ± 0.9 1.61 ± 0.8  < 0.001
  ▪ TLRS 2.04 ± 1.1 2.29 ± 1.1 1.69 ± 1.0  < 0.001
  ▪ SRS 2.09 ± 0.9 2.33 ± 0.9 1.77 ± 0.9  < 0.001
  ▪ DRS 2.34 ± 1.1 2.72 ± 1.0 1.85 ± 1.0  < 0.001
  ▪ GARS 1.89 ± 0.9 2.19 ± 0.9 1.49 ± 0.9  < 0.001
Total score 1.96 ± 0.7 2.22 ± 0.65 1.6 ± 0.6  < 0.001
Sense of control     
  ▪Total score 2.61 ± 0.8 2.89 ± 0.8 2.27 ± 0.64  < 0.001
  1. ARS academic-related stressors, IRS intrapersonal- and interpersonal-related stressors, TLRS teaching- and learning-related stressors, SRS social-related stressors, DRS drive- and desire-related stressors, GARS group activities related stressors
  2. Data expressed as mean ± SD
  3. *Student sample t test