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Table 2 Association between students’ health profile and depressive symptoms

From: Depressive symptoms and its correlates among medical students in Upper Egypt

Variables Total Depressive symptoms No depressive symptom P value*
n = 766 (%) n = 425 (%) n = 341 (%)
Smoking
  ▪ Yes 24 (3.1%) 13 (54.2%) 11 (45.8%)  = 0.895
  ▪ No 742 (96.9%) 412 (55.5%) 330 (44.5%)
Drug addition
  ▪ Yes 6 (0.8%) 3 (50.0%) 3 (50.0%)  = 0.786
  ▪ No 760 (99.2%) 422 (55.5%) 338 (44.5%)
Chronic diseaseb
  ▪ Yes 37 (4.8%) 29 (78.4%) 8 (21.6%)  = 0.004
  ▪ No 729 (95.2%) 396 (54.3%) 333 (45.7%)
Family history of mental illness other than depression
  ▪ Yes 97 (12.7%) 63 (64.9%) 34 (35.1%)  = 0.045
  ▪ No 669 (87.3%) 362 (54.1%) 307 (45.9%)
Family history of depression
  ▪ Yes 76 (9.9%) 54 (71.1%) 22 (28.9%)  = 0.004
  ▪ No 690 (90.1%)   
Life satisfaction score 20.57 ± 6.5 18.71 ± 6.3 22.95 ± 5.9  < 0.001
Anthropometric measures (n = 751) a
  ▪ Weight 70.14 ± 15.5 70.28 ± 15.9 69.97 ± 14.9  = 0.904
  ▪ Height 167.67 ± 9.3 167.35 ± 9.4 168.08 ± 9.2  = 0.775
  ▪ BMI 24.79 ± 4.2 24.95 ± 4.4 24.6 ± 3.9  = 0.417
BMI categories
  ▪ Under weight 23 (3.1%) 14 (60.9%) 9 (39.1%)  = 0.72
  ▪ Normal weight 409 (54.5%) 223 (54.5%) 186 (45.5%)
  ▪ Overweight 247 (32.9%) 137 (55.5%) 110 (44.5%)
  ▪ Obese 72 (9.5%) 44 (61.1%) 28 (38.9%)
  1. Data expressed as frequency (%) or mean ± SD
  2. *Student’s t test and chi-square were used
  3. a15 students missing in weight and height and in BMI calculation (refused to measure weight and height)
  4. bChronic disease like endocrinal diseases, respiratory diseases