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Table 1 Association between students’ characteristics and depressive symptoms

From: Depressive symptoms and its correlates among medical students in Upper Egypt

Variables Total Depressive symptoms No depressive symptoms P value*
n = 766 (%) n = 425 (%) n = 341 (%)
Mean age 21.27 ± 1.9 21.13 ± 1.9 21.36 ± 1.9  = 0.075
Sex
  ▪ Male 338 (44.1%) 173 (51.2%) 165 (48.8%)  = 0.033
  ▪ Female 428 (55.9%) 252 (58.9%) 176 (41.1%)
Marital status
  ▪ Single 763 (99.6%) 423 (55.4%) 340 (44.6%)  = 0.696
  ▪ Married 3 (0.4%) 2 (66.7%) 1 (33.3%)
Living during study
  ▪ With family 336 (43.9%) 183 (54.5%) 153 (45.5%)  = 0.327
  ▪ Dormitory 242 (31.6%) 129 (53.3%) 113 (46.7%)
  ▪ Apartment alone\friend 188 (24.5%) 113 (60.1%) 75 (39.9%)
Family residence
  ▪ Urban 432 (56.4%) 236 (54.6%) 196 (45.4%)  = 0.589
  ▪ Rural 334 (43.6%) 189 (56.6%) 145 (43.4%)
Academic year
  ▪ Academic (1st 3 years) 386 (50.4%) 225 (58.3%) 161(41.7%)  = 0.115
  ▪ Clinical (last 3 years) 380 (49.6%) 200 (52.6%) 180 (47.4%)
Grade c N = 621 N = 337 N = 284  
  ▪ Excellent/very good/good 586 (94.4%) 311 (53.1%) 275 (46.9%)  = 0.014
  ▪ Accept/pass/failed 35 (5.6%) 26 (74.3%) 9 (25.7%)
Father education
  ▪ Sec. education or below 235 (30.7%) 131 (55.7%) 104 (44.3%)  = 0.923
  ▪ University and above 531(69.3%) 294 (55.4%) 237 (44.6%)
Father occupation a N = 731 N = 405 N = 326  
  ▪ Farmer/unskilled/skilled worker 78 (10.7%) 46 (59.0%) 32 (41.0%)  = 0.234
  ▪ Professional 358 (49.0%) 184 (51.4%) 174 (48.6%)
  ▪ Employee 175 (23.9%) 105 (60.0%) 70 (40.0%)
  ▪ Retired/not working/died 120 (16.4%) 70 (58.3%) 50 (41.7%)
Mother education
  ▪ Sec. education or below 330 (43.1%) 185 (56.1%) 145 (43.9%)  = 0.780
  ▪ University and above 436 (56.9%) 240 (55.0%) 196 (45.0%)
Mother occupation b N = 765 N = 424 N = 341  
  ▪ Professional work 330 (43.1%) 178 (53.9%) 152 (46.1%)  = 0.463
  ▪ Employee 107 (14.0%) 56 (52.3%) 51 (47.7%)
  ▪ Housewife/retied 328 (42.9%) 190 (57.9%) 138 (42.1%)
Socio-economic status 5.96 ± 2.5 5.73 ± 2.46 6.22 ± 2.5  = 0.002
  1. Data expressed as frequency (%) or mean ± SD
  2. *Student’s t test and chi-square were used
  3. a35 case their father died
  4. b1 cases his mother died
  5. c145 students were excluded as they were still in the first year