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Table 3 The results of univariate and multivariate analysis of data pertain to the high depersonalization (DP) of burnout subscale and explanatory variables

From: The role of chronic physical illness and job dissatisfaction on burnout’s risk among medical interns in Oman: a study of prevalence and determinants

Variable High levels of DP Unadjusted OR (95% CI) p-value Adjusted OR (95% CI) p-value
No Yes
n (%) n (%)
Gender
 Male 13 (44.8) 16 (55.2) 2.413 (1.078–5.402) 0.032* 2.467 (0.873–6.973) 0.088
 Female (Ref) 100 (66.2) 51 (33.8)     
Age (mean ± SD) 25.48 ± 1.06 25.49 ± 1.38 1.011 (0.782–1.305) 0.936 1.115 (0.770–1.616) 0.565
Nationality
 Omani (Ref) 98 (64.1) 55 (35.9)     
 Non-Omani 15 (55.6) 12 (44.4) 1.425 (0.623–3.262) 0.401 1.168 (0.324–4.207) 0.813
Marital status
 Single (Ref) 97 (64.2) 54 (35.8)     
 Married 16 (55.2) 13 (44.8) 1.459 (0.653–3.261) 0.357 2.747 (0.883–8.545) 0.081
Do you have children
 Yes 7 (87.5) 1 (12.5) 0.229 (0.028–1.907) 0.173 0.097 (0.008–1.151) 0.065
 No (Ref) 106 (61.6) 66 (38.4)     
University of graduation
 SQU (Oman) (Ref) 42 (60.9) 27 (39.1)     
 NUST (Oman) 55 (60.4) 36 (39.6) 1.018 (0.537–1.932) 0.956 1.081 (0.476–2.455) 0.853
 Abroad 16 (80.0) 4 (20.0) 0.389 (0.117–1.288) 0.122 0.239 (0.060–0.946) 0.041*
Living place
 Family house (Ref) 70 (59.8) 47 (40.2)     
 Apartment with friends 9 (75.0) 3 (25.0) 0.496 (0.128–1.930) 0.312 0.305 (0.066–1.403) 0.127
 Hospital hostel 22 (75.9) 7 (24.1) 0.474 (0.187–1.198) 0.114 0.388 (0.134–1.123) 0.081
 Living alone 12 (54.5) 10 (45.5) 1.241 (0.496–3.105) 0.644 1.268 (0.425–3.781) 0.670
Physical illness
 Yes 7 (31.8) 15 (68.2) 4.368 (1.678–11.369) 0.003* 4.678 (1.498–14.608) 0.008*
 No (Ref) 106 (67.1) 52 (32.9)     
Exposed to workspace bullying
 Yes 52 (61.2) 33 (38.3) 1.139 (0.622–2.085) 0.74 1.082 (0.484–2.418) 0.847
 No (Ref) 61 (64.2) 34 (35.8)     
Overall job satisfaction
 Satisfied/ambivalent (Ref) 93 (66.4) 47 (33.6)     
 Dissatisfied 20 (50.0) 20 (50.0) 1.979 (0.971–4.033) 0.060 2.900 (1.159–7.257) 0.023*
  1. *Statistically significant, Ref Reference category
  2. DP Depersonalization, NUST National University of Science and Technology, SQU Sultan Qaboos University