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Table 2 The results of univariate and multivariate analysis with regard to the emotional exhaustion (EE) subscale and explanatory variables

From: The role of chronic physical illness and job dissatisfaction on burnout’s risk among medical interns in Oman: a study of prevalence and determinants

Variable High levels of EE Unadjusted OR (95% CI) p-value Adjusted OR (95% CI) p-value
No Yes
n (%) n (%)
Gender
 Male 21 (72.4) 8 (27.6) 0.725 (0.301–1.750) 0.475 1.504 (0.40–5.626) 0.544
 Female (Ref) 99 (65.6) 52 (34.4)     
Age (mean ± SD) 25.43 ± 1.08 25.60 ± 1.37 1.135 (0.870–1.481) 0.350 1.023 (0.651–1.606) 0.922
Nationality
 Omani (ref) 101 (66.0) 52 (34.0)     
 Non-Omani 19 (70.4) 8 (29.6) 0.818 (0.335–1.994) 0.658 0.685 (0.142–3.300) 0.637
Marital status
 Single (Ref) 102 (67.5) 49 (32.5)     
 Married 18 (62.1) 11 (37.9) 1.272 (0.558–2.899) 0.567 4.422 (1.185–16.506) 0.027*
Do you have children
 Yes 7 (87.5) 1 (12.5) 0.274 (0.033–2.277) 0.231 0.099 (0.008–1.297) 0.078
 No (Ref) 113 (65.7) 59 (34.3)     
University of graduation
 SQU (Oman) (Ref) 54 (78.3) 15 (21.7)     
 NUST (Oman) 58 (63.7) 33 (36.3) 2.048 (1.003–4.183) 0.049* 4.515 (1.537–13.265) 0.006*
 Abroad 8 (40.0) 12 (60.0) 5.400 (1.867–15.615) 0.002* 5.494 (1.343–22.475) 0.018*
Living place
 Family house (Ref) 77 (65.8) 40 (34.2)     
 Apartment with friends 8 (66.7) 4 (33.3) 0.962 (0.273–3.392) 0.953 1.664 (0.284–9.740) 0.572
 Hospital hostel 24 (82.8) 5 (17.2) 0.401 (0.142–1.131) 0.084 0.212 (0.045–1.012) 0.052
 Living alone 11 (50.0) 11 (50.0) 1.925 (0.768–4.825) 0.162 3.903 (1.150–13.241) 0.029*
Physical illness
 Yes 6 (27.3) 16 (72.7) 6.909 (2.540–18.793) 0.0001* 7.285 (1.976–26.857) 0.003*
 No (Ref) 114 (72.2) 44 (27.8)     
Exposed to workspace bullying
 Yes 48 (56.5) 37 (43.5) 2.413 (1.278–4.557) 0.007* 2.048 (0.795–5.280) 0.138
 No (Ref) 72 (75.8) 23 (24.2)     
Overall job satisfaction
 Satisfied/ambivalent (Ref) 108 (77.1) 32 (22.9)     
 Dissatisfied 12 (30.0) 28 (70.0) 7.875 (3.599–17.229) 0.0001* 16.488 (5.371–50.614) 0.0001*
  1. *Statistically significant, Ref, Reference category
  2. EE, emotional exhaustion; NUST, National University of Science and Technology; SQU, Sultan Qaboos University