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Table 1 Comparison between adolescents with conduct disorder (CD) and control adolescents regarding demographic and clinical variables

From: Serum oxytocin levels in adolescents with conduct disorder associated with callous-unemotional traits

Variable Adolescents with CD (n = 20) Control adolescents (n = 20) Statistic P value
Age (mean ± SD) 13.9 ± 1.5 14.1 ± 1.6 t = 0.4 0.7
Sex (female %) 25 35 χ2 = 0.5 0.5
SES 62.1 ± 7.7 60.3 ± 7.5 t = 0.8 0.5
IQ 80.9 ± 6.7 83.6 ± 7.2 t = 1.2 0.1
YPI-S score 33.7 ± 9.9 9.9 ± 2.2 t = 10.5 0.001
ICU—parent report 34.7 ± 8.1 26.7 ± 1.2 t = 1.7 0.1
ICU—self-report 36.4 ± 4.6 26.6 ± 2.4 t = 8.2 0.001
OT levels 33.4 ± 21.3 161.7 ± 142.4 t = 3.9 0.001
  1. SD standard deviation, SES socioeconomic status according to Modified Fahmi and El-Sherbini scale, YPI-S Youth Psychopathic Traits Inventory-Short, ICU Inventory of Callous-Unemotional Traits, OT oxytocin