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Table 4 CBCL profile of DSM-5 scales of studied group

From: Effect of COVID-19 infection on psychological aspects of pre-schooler children: a cross-sectional study

Profile of DSM-5 scales Children who had not COVID-19 (n=108) Children who had COVID-19 (N=30) Total participants (N=138) Chi-square value P-value
Affective problems Normal 94 (87%) 26 (86.7%) 120 (87%) 2.6 0.27
Borderline 6 (5.6%) 0 (0%) 6 (4.3%)
Clinical rating 8 (7.4%) 4 (13.3%) 12 (8.7%)
Anxiety problems Normal 88 (81.5%) 20 (66.7%) 108 (78.3%) 3.37 0.18
Borderline 10 (9.3%) 6 (20%) 16 (11.6%)
Clinical rating 10 (9.3%) 4 (13.3%) 14 (10.1%)
Pervasive developmental problems Normal 78 (72.2%) 22 (73.3%) 100 (72.5%) 1.2 0.54
Borderline 14 (13%) 2 (6.7%) 16 (11.6%)
Clinical rating 16 (14.8%) 6 (20%) 22 (15.9%)
Attention deficit /hyperactivity problems Normal 102 (94.4%) 30 (100%) 132 (95.7%) 1.7 0.41
Borderline 4 (3.7%) 0 (0%) 4 (2.9%)
Clinical rating 2 (1.9%) 0 (0%) 2 (1.4%)
Oppositional defiant problems Normal 100 (92.6%) 24 (80%) 124 (89.9%) 7.58 0.02*
Borderline 2 (1.9%) 4 (13.3%) 6 (4.3%)
Clinical rating 6 (5.6%) 2 (6.7%) 8 (5.8%)
  1. *Significant p value