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Table 1 Sociodemographic data among studied groups

From: Effect of COVID-19 infection on psychological aspects of pre-schooler children: a cross-sectional study

Variables Children who had not COVID-19 (n=108) Children who had COVID-19 (N=30) Total participants (N=138) T value Chi-square value P-value
Age (years) (mean±SD) 4.1±1.01 4.2±0.76 4.13±0.96 0.19 - 0.65
Gender
 Males 42 (38.9%) 18 (60%) 60 (43.5%) - 4.25 0.06
 Females 66 (61.1%) 12 (40%) 78 (56.5%)
Order of birth
 First 60 (55.6%) 16 (53.3%) 76 (55.1%) - 0.43 0.8
 Second 30 (27.8%) 10 (33.3%) 40 (29%)
 Third or more 18 (16.7%) 4 (13.3%) 22 (15.9%)
Number of children
 Only child 16 (14.8%) 6 (53.3%) 22 (15.9%) - 3.7 0.15
 Two 42 (38.9%) 16 (53.3%) 58 (42%)
 Three or more 50 (46.3%) 8 (26.7%) 58 (42%)
Delivery type
 Normal 18 (16.7%) 4 (13.3%) 22 (15.9%) - 0.19 0.78
 Caesarean section 90 (83.3%) 26 (86.7%) 116 (84.1%)
Post-partum problems for children
Incubator admission
 Yes 18 (16.7%) 2 (6.7%) 20 (14.5%) - 1.8 0.49
 No 90 (83.3%) 28 (93.3%) 118 (85.5%)
Speech development
 Delay 30 (27.8%) 8 (26.7%) 38 (27.5%) - 0.015 0.9
 Normal 78 (72.2%) 22 (73.3%) 100 (72.5%)
Motor development
 Delay 4 (3.7%) 2 (6.7%) 6 (4.3%) - 0.49 0.6
 Normal 104 (96.3%) 28 (93.3%) 132 (95.7%)
Family history of psychiatry disorders
 Yes 10 (9.3%) 2 (6.7%) 12 (8.7%) - 0.19 0.9
 No 98 (90.7%) 28 (93.3%) 126 (91.3%)
Socioeconomic level 219.82±37.91 217.34±36.9 219.28±37.58 0.101 - 0.75
 Low 12 (11.1%) 6 (20%) 18 (13%) - 1.7 0.43
 Middle 86 (79.6%) 22 (73.3%) 108 (78.3%)
 High 10 ( 9.3%) 2 (6.7%) 12 (8.7%)
  1. *Significant P-value