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Table 4 Distribution of abused substance/substances among the studied tramadol abusers

From: Association between male sex hormones and tramadol abuse

Abuse substance Number
N = 67
Percentage (%)
Tramadol only 26 38.81%
Multiple substance abuse (tramadol with other substances) 41 61.19%
▪ Tramadol and cannabis 17 25.37%
▪ Tramadol, opium, and cannabis 8 11.94%
▪ Tramadol and opium 7 10.45%
▪ Tramadol and heroin 3 4.48%
▪ Tramadol, cannabis, heroin, and benzodiazepine 4 5.97%
▪ Tramadol, opium, cannabis, and heroin 1 1.49%
▪ Tramadol, opium, cannabis 1 1.49%
▪ Benzodiazepine and alcohol