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Table 5 Comparison of association of sociodemographic variables between pre/para-clinical and clinical students with psychological morbidities

From: Coping styles to vitiate the risk of psychological morbidities among pre/para-clinical and clinical undergraduate medical students: a comparative cross-sectional study in India

Sr. no. Variables Subgroups Mean (SD); frequency (%) P-value (chi-square/t-test
Pre/para-clinical group (N = 126) Clinical group (N = 107)
1 Age (years)   19.13 (0.90) 21.80 (1.51) (16.646) < 0.001***
2 Gender Female 80 (63.5) 68 (63.6) (0.01) 1.000
Male 46 (36.5) 39 (36.4)
3 Residence (born/raised before entering the course) Rural 91 (72.2) 71 (66.4) (0.940) 0.392
Urban 35 (27.8) 36 (33.6)
4 Type of family Nuclear 84 (66.7) 73 (68.2) (0.064) 0.889
Joint 42 (33.3) 34 (31.8)
5 Living status during the course Hostel 117 (92.9) 94 (87.9) (1.696) 0.261
Day scholar 9 (7.1) 13 (12.1)
6 Average sleeping hours per day < 6 h 71 (56.3) 62 (57.9) (0.060) 0.894
> 6 h 55 (43.7) 45 (42.1)
7 Do you consume one or more substance (tobacco/alcohol/cannabis/opioid) currently? Yes 30 (23.8) 55 (51.4) (19.011) < 0.001***
No 96 (76.2) 52 (48.6)
8 Exercise status < 3 days/week 104 (82.5) 86 (80.4) (0.180) 0.736
≥ 3 days/week 22 (17.5) 21 (19.6)
  1. SD Standard deviation
  2. ***p < 0.001