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Table 5 Relations between elderly perceived social support level, among studied elderly people and their demographic characteristics (n = 235)

From: Relationship between morality, happiness, and social support among elderly people

Variables Elderly perceived social support level No χ 2 P
High N = 48 Moderate N = 113 Low N = 74
No. % No. % No. %
Age (in years)
 <65 21 18.9 56 50.5 34 30.6 111 0.53 0.77
 ≥65 27 21.8 57 46.0 40 32.3 124   
Gender
 Male 10 10.0 54 54.0 36 36.0 100 11.6 0.003
 Female 38 28.1 59 43.7 38 28.1 135   
Residence
 Rural 6 14.0 24 55.8 13 30.2 43 1.7 0.41
 Urban 42 21.9 89 46.4 61 31.8 192   
Marital status
 Single 0 0.0 0 .0 4 100.0 4   
 Married 19 14.3 68 51.1 46 34.6 133 23.2 0.001
 Divorced 0 0.0 3 42.9 4 57.1 7   
 Widowed 29 31.9 42 46.2 20 22.0 91   
Education
 Illiterate/read and write 1 12.5 3 37.5 4 50.0 8   
 Primary education 4 25.0 6 37.5 6 37.5 16 7.4 0.28
 Secondary 20 25.0 43 53.8 17 21.3 80   
 University or higher 23 17.6 61 46.6 47 35.9 131   
Working condition
 Work 12 19.7 34 55.7 15 24.6 61 2.3 0.32
 Do not work 36 20.7 79 45.4 59 33.9 174   
Previous work
 Worker 0 0.0 4 66.7 2 33.3 6   
 Crafts man or farmer 3 60.0 2 40.0 0 .0 5 11.8 0.16
 Free business 0 0.0 3 100.0 0 .0 3   
 Officer 37 19.7 87 46.3 64 34.0 188   
 Housewife 8 24.2 17 51.5 8 24.2 33   
With whom live
 Wife/husband 19 14.5 68 51.9 44 33.6 131   
 One of the sons 13 29.5 20 45.5 11 25.0 44 11.6 0.063
 One of the relatives 0 0.0 2 33.3 4 66.7 6   
 Alone 16 29.6 23 42.6 15 27.8 54   
Income source
 Pension 46 20.2 110 48.2 72 31.6 228 0.26 0.86
 Property income 2 28.6 3 42.9 2 28.6 7   
Income
 Insufficient 2 2.6 33 42.3 43 55.1 78 66.4 0.0001
 Sufficient 32 23.4 78 56.9 27 19.7 137   
 Sufficient and save 14 70.0 2 10.0 4 20.0 20   
Chronic diseases
 Yes 37 20.0 82 44.3 66 35.7 185 7.5 0.022
 No 11 22.0 31 62.0 8 16.0 50   
Medication
 Yes 37 20.0 82 44.3 66 35.7 185 7.5 0.022
 No 11 22.0 31 62.0 8 16.0 50   
  1. χ2 Chi-square test
  2. p < 0.05 significant; p < 0.001 highly significant; p > 0.05 non-significant