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Table 6 Binary logistic regression analysis of the predictors of depression among the studied group

From: Prevalence and determinants of depression in patients with epilepsy during the COVID-19 pandemic

Variable B SE Wald P OR 95% CI
Age > 40 0.134 0.150 0.793 0.373 0.875 0.651 1.175
Female sex 1.774 1.016 2.456 0.060 0.062 0.009 0.457
Divorced 1.623 0.42 1.796 0.616 1.439 0.234 5.314.
Residence 0.776 0.562 1.905 0.168 2.173 0.722 6.544
Live alone 1.179 0.42 1.098 0.250 3.250 0.614 2.317
Illiterate 1.282 0.90 1.424 0.11 9.794 1.677 57.180
Not working 8.671 2.059 17.736 < 0.001** 5.831 1.030 32.985
 > 2 children 1.041 0.848 1.508 0.219 2.832 0.538 14.909
Low financial status 2.476 0.689 12.898 < 0.001** 11.896 3.080 45.949
 Positive family history of epilepsy 0.770 0.738 1.089 0.297 2.159 0.509 9.166
 Positive family history of psychiatric disorder 3.389 1.716 3.901 0.048 29.624 1.026 855.25
 Positive past history of psychiatric disorder − 0.250 1.852 0.018 0.893 0.779 0.021 29.368
 Age of onset < 17 years 0.242 0.160 2.303 0.129 0.785 0.574 1.073
 Duration >14years 0.061 0.154 0.156 0.693 1.063 0.785 1.438
 Generalized seizures 1.597 1.224 0.635 0.31 1.474 0.33 4.59
Refractory 6.003 1.375 19.051 < 0.001** 14.60 7.31 59.93
 > 1 AEDs 1.109 0.917 1.464 0.226 3.032 0.503 18.279
 Any time seizures 0.674 1.267 0.283 0.595 1.962 0.164 23.510
Fear of infection by COVID-19 12.06 2.764 19.064 < 0.001** 5.06 2.12 20.001
Fear of death by COVID-19 5.608 2.102 5.85 0.044* 4.992 2.181 32.071
 Closed people infection 0.470 0.698 0.453 0.501 0.625 0.159 2.454
Closed people death 7.046 3.132 1.060 0.024* 3.652 1.476 13.216
 Fear of job loss in the pandemic 1.177 3.435 1.757 0.100 1.347 0.894 3.217
 Job changes by pandemic 3.801 2.335 2.649 0.104 2.738 0.460 14.349
 Financial changes in the pandemic − 0.344 1.102 0.097 0.755 0.709 0.082 6.154
Sleep disturbance during the pandemic 4.287 1.092 15.414 < 0.001** 12.713 3.556 61.953
Decrease family support during the pandemic 3.057 1.706 10.006 0.03* 3.945 1.237 23.772
 Continuous Follow news about the pandemic − 0.615 0.737 0.696 0.404 0.541 0.127 2.293
Increase seizure rate 10.207 2.105 3.523 < 0.001** 7.098 2.438 26.762
Increase ER visit rate 8.566 1.676 3.701 0.004* 5.761 1.468 16.622
Lack of drug adherence during the pandemic 4.207 1.105 5.523 0.02* 4.270 2.438 22.627
Lack of routine follow-up during the pandemic 3.278 1.800 4.121 0.03* 3.757 1.158 16.635
  1. OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval; *significant (P < 0.05), **highly significant (P < 0.001)