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Table 4 The relationship between depression and COVID-19 among the studied group

From: Prevalence and determinants of depression in patients with epilepsy during the COVID-19 pandemic

Variable N None (n = 86) Mild to moderate (n = 61) Moderately severe to severe (n = 143) χ2 P
No. % No. % No. %
Fear of infection by COVID-19 No 136 51 37.5 24 17.6 61 44.9 7.74 0.02*
Yes 154 35 22.7 37 24 82 53.2
Fear of death by COVID-19 No 125 46 36.8 20 16 59 47.2 6.63 0.04*
Yes 165 40 24.2 41 24.8 84 50.9
Closed people infection No 135 50 37 20 14.8 65 48.1 9.36 0.009*
Yes 155 36 23.2 41 26.5 78 50.3
Closed people death No 272 81 29.8 61 22.4 130 47.8 6.1 0.04*
Yes 18 5 27.8 0 0 13 72.2
Fear of job loss in the pandemic No 203 55 27.1 40 19.7 108 53.2 4.15 0.13 NS
Yes 87 31 35.6 21 24.1 35 40.2
Job changes by the pandemic No 205 54 26.3 41 20 110 53.7 5.63 0.06 NS
Yes 85 32 37.6 20 23.5 33 38.8
Financial changes in the pandemic No 62 36 58.1 6 9.7 20 32.3 30.95 < 0.001**
Yes 228 50 21.9 55 24.1 123 53.9
Sleep disturbance during the pandemic No 213 77 36.2 48 22.5 88 41.3 22.67 < 0.001**
Yes 77 9 11.7 13 16.9 55 71.4
Follow news about the pandemic Not follow 54 25 46.3 17 31.5 12 22.2 27.95 < 0.001**
Low 73 22 30.1 8 11 43 58.9
Moderate 89 27 30.3 20 22.5 42 47.2
Continuous 74 12 16.2 16 21.6 46 62.2
  1. χ2 chi-square test, NS nonsignificant (P > 0.05); *significant (P < 0.05), **highly significant (P < 0.001)