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Table 1 Distribution of demographic variables among cases and controls

From: Gender-specific association of biochemical variables with depression: a population-based case-control study from North India

   Non-depressed Depressed χ2 p-value
N % N %
Age cohort 30–40 30 12.0% 33 13.1% 0.85
41–50 65 25.9% 70 27.9%
51–60 83 33.1% 83 33.1%
61 and above 73 29.1% 65 25.9%
Sex Male 82 32.7% 82 32.7% 1.00
Female 169 67.3% 169 67.3%
Educational status Literate 104 41.4% 101 40.2% 0.78
Illiterate 147 58.6% 150 59.8%
Employment status Employed 22 8.8% 20 8.0% 0.74
Agriculturist 229 91.2% 231 92.0%
Family structure Joint 172 68.5% 177 70.5% 0.62
Nuclear 79 31.5% 74 29.5%
Marital status Married 238 94.8% 227 90.4% 0.0059*
Unmarried 5 2.0% 0 0.0%
Widow 8 3.2% 24 9.6%
Socioeconomic status (based on per capita annual income) > 50,000 26 10.4% 19 7.6% 0.27
< 50,000 225 89.6% 232 92.4%
  1. *Statistical significance at p-value < 0.05