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Table 4 Relation between nurses’ depressive symptoms and their demographic characteristics (n = 139)

From: Relationship between work–family conflict, sleep quality, and depressive symptoms among mental health nurses

Variables (CES-D) score n χ2 p-value
No Depressive symptoms (n: 49) Depressive symptoms (n: 90)
No. % No. %
Age
 < 30 years 49 47.1 55 52.9 104 25.46 0.0001**
 ≥ 30 years 0 .0 35 100.0 35   
Gender
 Male 15 40.5 22 59.5 37 0.62 0.43
 Female 34 33.3 68 66.7 102   
Marital status
 Single 14 82.4 3 17.6 17 18.8 0.0001**
 Married 35 28.7 87 71.3 122   
Education
 Diploma 22 42.3 30 57.7 52   
 Technical institute 22 29.3 53 70.7 75 2.5 0.28
 Bachelors 5 41.7 7 58.3 12   
Experience (in years)
 < 10 years 39 44.3 49 55.7 88 8.6 0.003*
 ≥ 10 years 10 19.6 41 80.4 51   
Residence
 Rural 35 32.4 73 67.6 108 1.7 0.19
 Urban 14 45.2 17 54.8 31   
Income
 Insufficient 21 36.8 36 63.2 57 0.11 0.74
 Just sufficient 28 34.1 54 65.9 82   
Shift manner
 Yes 46 34.6 87 65.4 133 F 0.66
 No 3 50.0 3 50.0 6   
  1. χ2 chi-square test, f Fisher’s exact test; insignificant p > 0.05, *significant p < 0.05, ** highly significant p < 0.001