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Table 3 Significant determinants of Internet gaming disorder self-report for college/university students by the International Child Mental Health Study Group, ICMH-IGD Scales, in 2269 female students

From: Association of Internet gaming disorder symptoms with anxiety and depressive symptoms and substance use: an international cross-sectional study

  ICMH-IGD score PHQ-9 score GAD-7 score Alcohol use Marihuana use
β   β   β   β   β  
Model 1 R2   0.016**   0.013***   0.003*   0.018***   0.001
ΔR2   0.016**   0.013***   0.003*   0.018***   0.001
 Age   − 0.13***   − 0.12***   − 0.06*   0.13***   0.03  
Model 2 R2   0.094***   0.112***   0.088***   0.176***   0.037
ΔR2   0.078***   0.098***   0.085***   0.158***   0.036***
 Age   − 0.09***   − 0.13***   − 0.10***   0.01   − 0.03  
 Previous psychiatric diagnosis   0.04   0.24***   0.19***   0.05*   0.05*  
 Hours of Internet browsing per day   0.17***   0.15***   0.13***   0.04   0.05*  
Model 3 R2   0.176***   0.588***   0.576***   0.300***   0.185***
ΔR2   0.082***   0.476***   0.488***   0.124***   0.148***
 Age   − 0.06**   − 0.05***   − 0.01   0.02   − 0.02  
 Previous diagnosis   − 0.03   0.10***   0.01   0.01   0.02  
 Hours of Internet browsing per day   0.13***   0.06***   0.02   0.02   0.03  
 Alcohol use   0.06*   0.03   − 0.01     0.39***  
 Marihuana use   0.10***   0.01   0.002   0.33***    
 Other substances   0.05*   0.04**   0.04**   0.08***   0.12***  
 GAD-7   0.05   0.71***     − 0.02   0.02  
 PHQ-9   0.21***     0.73***   0.05   0.02  
  1. GAD-7 Generalized Anxiety Disorder scale-7, PHQ-9 Patient Health Questionnaire-9, ICMH-IGD Internet Gaming Disorder Self-report for College/University Students by the International Child Mental Health Study Group
  2. *p value <.05; **p value <.01; ***p value <.001 adjusted for culture