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Table 4 Relation between depression subscale of HADS and socio-demographic factors

From: Fear of COVID-19 infection and its relation to depressive and anxiety symptoms among elderly population: online survey

Characteristic Depression subscale p value
Total score 7 (3–15)
Age groups
 60–64 6 (3–15)  
 65–69 8 (4–13)  
 70–74 8 (3–13)  
 ≥ 75 9 (4–15) 0.026
Sex
 Male 6 (3–15)  
 Female 8 (3–15) 0.016
Marital status
 Single 7 (3–10)  
 Married 7 (3–15)  
 Widow 8 (4–15)  
 Divorced 7 (4–10) 0.361
Education
 Not educated 9 (6–15)  
 Primary/tertiary 9 (3–15)  
 University 7 (3–13)  
 Post-graduate 8 (3–13) 0.013
Residence
 Country side 5 (3–13)  
 Urban 7 (3–15) 0.659
Living
 Alone 8 (3–15)  
 With wife 8 (3–15)  
 With wife and children 6 (3–13) 0.361
 With children 7 (4–13)  
Work
 No 7 (3–15)  
 Yes 6 (3–13) 0.466
Chronic disease
 No 7 (3–13)  
 Yes 8 (3–15) 0.187
Infected with corona
 No 7 (3–13)  
 Yes 7 (3–15)  
 Do not know 8 (4–15) 0.767