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Table 6 Health-status and epidemiological factors associated with PTSD post-COVID-19 lockdown (N = 510)

From: Increased psychological distress after the lifting of COVID-19 lockdown in the Saudi population: a cross-sectional study

Factor Level N % p value
No. of alarming symptoms None 113 36.6  
1 42 45.2  
2 28 49.1  
3+ 29 56.9 .019*
Direct contact with a confirmed case No 195 41.4  
Yes 17 43.6 .790
Indirect contact with a confirmed case No 199 42.3  
Yes 13 32.5 .225
Contact with the suspect case No 190 41.4  
Yes 22 43.1 .811
Contact with contaminated material No 205 41.2  
Yes 7 53.8 .363
Not sure No 94 42.5  
Yes 118 40.8 .699
Self-reported overall physical health Low 20 71.4  
Moderate 48 52.2  
Optimal or excellent 144 36.9 < .001*
Chronic disease No 174 39.5  
Yes 38 54.3 .020*
Psychiatric comorbidity No 179 39.6  
Yes 33 56.9 .012*
Clinic or physician consultation in the past 14 days No 161 41.4  
Yes 51 42.1 .882
Hospitalization in the past 14 days No 210 41.5  
Yes 2 50.0 .731F
Screening for COVID-19 in the past 14 days No 193 42.1  
Yes 19 36.5 .437
Quarantined in the past 14 days No 197 41.6  
Yes 15 41.7 .990
Person dead from or admitted in ICU for COVID-19 in acquaintances No 109 36.3  
Yes 103 49.0 .004*
  1. *Statistically significant result (p < 0.050); test used
  2. FFisher’s exact test, otherwise, chi-square test was used