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Table 6 The Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAM-A) and Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS) among the studied samples

From: Effect of long-term administration of clonazepam, carbamazepine, and valproate on cognitive, psychological, and personality changes in adult epilepsy: a case–control study

Variables Group 1
N = 35
N (%)
Group 2
N=18
N (%)
Group 3
N=31
N (%)
Group 4
N=15
N (%)
Group 5
N=40
N (%)
P value
HAM-A
 Normal 33 (94.3%) 18 (100%) 21 (67.7%) 15 (100%) 40 (100%) 0.001*
 Mild 1 (2.9%) 0 (0%) 7 (22.6%) 0 (0%) 0 (0%)  
 Moderate 1 (2.9%) 0 (0%) 3 (9.7%) 0 (0%) 0 (0%)  
HDRS
 Normal 16 (45.7%) 3 (16.7%) 5 (16.1%) 3 (20%) 26 (65%) 0.000*
 Mild 11 (31.4%) 12 (66.7%) 4 (12.9%) 9 (60%) 14 (35%)  
 Moderate 8 (22.9%) 3 (16.7%) 22 (71.0%) 3 (20%) 0 (0%)  
  1. Group 1: carbamazepine, group 2: valproate, group 3: carbamazepine and clonazepam, group 4: valproate and clonazepam, group 5: epileptic patients without antiepileptic drugs (AEDs), *significant P value