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Table 3 The Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale among the studied samples

From: Effect of long-term administration of clonazepam, carbamazepine, and valproate on cognitive, psychological, and personality changes in adult epilepsy: a case–control study

Variables Group 1
N = 35
Mean ± SE
Group 2
N = 18
Mean ± SE
Group 3
N = 31
Mean ± SE
Group 4
N = 15
Mean ± SE
Group 5
N = 40
Mean ± SE
P value
Verbal IQ 79.35 ± 0.56 81.5 ± 0.45 80.8 ± 0.8 79.8 ± 0.2 87.3 ± 0.4 0.001*
Performance IQ 92.41 ± 0.71 92 ± 0.91 88.96 ± 0.8 91 ± 0.67 94 ± 0.8 0.007*
Total IQ 83.02 ± 0.4 84.6 ± 1.4 82.3 ± 0.5 82.2 ±0.106 89.6 ± 0.5 0.108
DI 9.12 ± 1.3 8.9 ± 2.06 9.16 ± 1.24 9.05 ± 2.9 1.16 ± 1.38 0.001*
  1. Group 1: carbamazepine, group 2: valproate, group 3: carbamazepine and clonazepam, group 4: valproate and clonazepam, group 5: epileptic patients without antiepileptic drugs (AEDs), *significant P value, DI Deterioration Index