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Table 6 Association between the behavioral problem of ADHD children measured by Conners’ Parent Rating Scale Revised-short version (CPRS-48) and depression, anxiety, and stress symptoms of the mothers

From: The negative psychological impact of COVID-19 pandemic on mothers of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): a cross-section study

Conners scale of ADHD children as compared to before COVID-19 Mothers’ depressive, anxiety, and stress symptoms measured by DASS-21
Depression Anxiety Stress
Yes (n = 29) No. (n = 25) P Yes (n = 33) No. (n = 21) P Yes (n = 29) No. (n = 25) P
Conduct score    0.007*    0.021*    0.06
 Average 8 (27.6%) 16 (64%) 13 (39.4%) 15 (71.4%) 10 (34.5%) 15 (60%)
 High 21 (72.4%) 9 (36%) 20 (60.6%) 6 (28.6%) 19 (65.5%) 10 (40%)
Learning score    0.06    0.029*    0.184
 Average 10 (34.5%) 15 (60%) 12 (36.4%) 14 (66.7%) 11 (37.9%) 14 (56%)
 High 19 (65.5%) 10 (40%) 21 (63.6%) 7 (33.3%) 18 (62.1%) 11 (44%)
Psychosomatic score    0.005*    < 0.001*    0.004*
 Average 21 (72.4%) 25 (100%) 5 (15.2%) 17 (80.9%) 3 (10.34%) 11 (44%)
 High 8 (27.6%) 0 (0.0%) 28 (48.8%) 4 (19.1%) 26 (89.66%) 14 (56%)
Impulsive hyperactive score    0.006*    0.202    0.007*
 Average 25 (86.2%) 13 (52.0%) 13 (39.4%) 12 (57.1%) 8 (27.6%) 16 (64%)
 High 4 (13.8%) 12 (48.0%) 20 (60.6%) 9 (42.9%) 21 (72.4%) 9 (36%)
Anxiety score    0.412    0.022*    0.202
 Average 13 (44.8%) 14 (56%) 10 (30.3%) 13 (61.9%) 9 (31.1%) 12 (48%)
 High 116 (55.2%) 11 (44%) 23 (69.7%) 8 (38.1%) 20 (68.9%) 13 (52%)
10-item hyperactivity index    0.016*    0.032*    0.016*
 Average 8 (27.6%) 15 (60%) 9 (31.1%) 15 (60%) 7 (24.1%) 14 (56%)
 High 21 (72.4%) 10 (40%) 20 (68.9%) 10 (40%) 22 (75.9%) 11 (44%)
  1. Test of significance: Pearson’s Chi-square test
  2. *Statistically significant (p value < 0.05)