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Table 1 Demographic and other characteristics of the study participants

From: The negative psychological impact of COVID-19 pandemic on mothers of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): a cross-section study

Variables Study participants
(n = 54)
Age of child of the participant mothers (years)  
 Mean ± SD 10.3 ± 3.1
Age of the participant mothers (years)  
 Mean ± SD 30.8 ± 4.56
 Median 22-40.6
Sex of the child of the participant mothers, n (%)  
 Male 38 (70.4%)
 Female 16 (29.6%)
Residence, n (%)  
 Urban 48 (88.9%)
 Rural 6 (11.1%)
Social class, n (%)  
 Low 24 (44.4%)
 Middle 18 (33.3%)
 High 12 (22.2%)
Marital status, n (%)  
 Married 46 (85.2%)
 Divorced 5 (9.3%)
 Widow 3 (5.5%)
The number of siblings, n (%)  
 Median (range) 2 (1-4)
Presence of confirmed COVID-19 cases among family members, n (%)  
 Yes 16 (29.6%)
 No 38 (70.4%)
Lost family member due to COVID-19, n (%)  
 Yes 6 (11.1%)
 No 48 (88.9%)
Father’s present working state, n (%)  
 Regularly commuting to work 32 (59.3%)
 Smart working 13 (24.1%)
 Not working because of COVID-19 8 (14.8%)
 Not working since before COVID-19 1 (1.9%)
Mother’s present working state, n (%)  
 Not working because of COVID-19 22 (40.7%)
 Not working since before COVID-19 14 (25.9%)
 Working from home 11 (20.4%)
 Regularly commuting to work 7 (13.0%)
Financial drawbacks of COVID-19 outbreak, n (%)  
 No drawbacks 16 (29.6%)
 Little drawbacks 21 (38.9%)
 Big drawbacks 17 (31.5%)
Domestic violence toward the mother as compared to before COVID-19, n (%)  
 Present 26 (48.1%)
 Absent 28 (51.9%)
Mother’s assessment of the period of change and restrictions as compared to before COVID-19, n (%)  
 Very demanding 50 (92.6%)
 Demanding 4 (7.4%)
 Not demanding 0 (0.0%)
The compliance of the ADHD children on treatment as compared to before COVID-19  
 Compliant 14 (25.9%)
 Non-compliant 40 (74.1%)
Bigger challenges in the management of the child’s meals as compared to before COVID-19 31 (57.4%)
Bigger challenges in the management of the child’s structured activities as compared to before COVID-19 40 (74.1%)
Bigger challenges in the management of the child’s sleep as compared to before COVID-19 48 (88.9%)