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Table 2 Factors associated with abnormal SDQ subscales

From: Psychological and behavioral complications in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus in Sohag

Variables Number
N = 564
Difficulty index subscale   
Emotional n = 352 (%) Conduct n = 378 (%) Hyperactivity n = 359 (%) Peer n = 464 (%)
Age in years      
 4 < 6 40(7.1) 11 (26.7) 12 (30.0) 16 (40.0) 30 (76.7)
 6 < 12 219(38.8) 141 (64.6) 144 (65.9) 136 (62.2) 190 (87.2)
 ≥ 12 305(54.0) 200 (65.5) 222 (72.9) 207 (67.7) 244 (79.5)
 P value   0.000 0.000 0.01 0.10
Sex of the child      
 Male 267(47.3) 182 (68.0) 166 (62.0) 155 (58.0) 216 (81.0)
 Female 297(52.7) 170(57.4) 213 (71.7) 204 (68.6) 248 (83.4)
 P value   0.03 0.03 0.02 0.52
Birth order      
 First 100(17.7) 67(66.7) 76 (76.0) 73 (73.3) 82 (82.7)
 Second 144(25.5) 89(62.0) 89(62.0) 92(63.9) 123(85.2)
 Third 320(56.7) 196 (61.2) 213 (66.7) 194 (60.4) 259 (80.8)
 P value   0.697 0.138 0.127 0.614
Education of child's mother      
 Illiterate 221(39.2) 124 (56.0) 137(62.0) 13 (59.0) 167 (75.9)
 < 12 years 109(19.3) 85 (78.0) 85 (78.0) 80(73.2) 90(82.9)
 ≥ 12 years 234(41.4) 143 (61.1) 157 (66.9) 149 (63.4) 207 (88.0)
P value   0.003 0.041 0.093 0.014
Education of child's father      
 Illiterate 142(25.1) 76 (53.8) 90 (63.2) 90 (63.2) 100 (70.8)
 < 12 years 111(19.6) 74(66.3) 83(74.7) 72(65.1) 90(81.9)
 ≥ 12 years 312(55.3) 203 (65.0) 207 (66.2) 197 (63.2) 274 (87.6)
 P value   0.103 0.226 0.953 0.001
Family history of diabetes
 Yes 74(13.2) 37 (50.0) 53(71.4) 48(64.3) 64(87.5)
 No 490(86.8) 315 (64.3) 326 (66.5) 311 (63.5) 400 (81.5)
 P value   0.040 0.463 0.908 0.271
Duration of diabetes in years
< 1 year 72(12.8) 25(35.2) 43(59.3) 43(59.3) 59(83.3)
 1 to < 3 years 143(25.3) 91(63.6) 88(61.2) 87(60.7) 101(71.0)
 3 to < 5 years 188(33.3) 128(68.1) 155(82.4) 117 (62.4) 160 (85.1)
 ≥ 5 years 161(28.6) 108(66.9) 120(74.6) 112(69.4) 144 (88.4)
 P value   0.000 0.367 0.445 0.004
Glycemic control      
 Controlled 209(37.1) 145 (69.4) 157 (75.2) 144 (68.8) 167 (80.3)
 Uncontrolled 355(62.9) 207 (58.3) 221 (62.4) 215 (60.5) 297 (83.5)
 P value   0.022 0.007 0.088 0.405
  1. P value < 0.05 is considered statistically significant. P value < 0.001 is considered highly significant