Skip to main content

Table 7 Comparison between autistic and non-autistic children in parents and family history

From: Prevalence and risk factors of autism spectrum disorders in preschool children in Sharkia, Egypt: a community-based study

Variable Autistic
(n = 20)
Non autistic#
(n = 84)
t P
Father age at ges.     
 Mean ± SD 31.9 ± 4.58 30.27 ± 4.68 1.40 0.16
NS
 Range 25-40 23-43
Mother age at ges.     
 Mean ± SD 26.75 ± 4 26.36 ± 4.21 0.38 0.71
NS
 Range 22-34 19-39
Variable No. % No. % χ2 P
Drug intake during Pregnancy       
 No 20 100 84 100 -- --
Progesterone during pregnancy       
 No 17 85 80 95.2 Fisher 0.10
 Yes 3 15 4 4.8   NS
Alcohol during pregnancy       
 No 20 100 84 100 -- --
Smoking during pregnancy       
 No 20 100 84 100 -- ---
Preserved food during pregnancy       
 No 7 35 53 63.1 5.22 0.02*
 Yes 13 65 31 36.9   
Complication during pregnancy       
 No 20 100 82 97.6 Fisher 0.65
 Yes 0 0 2 2.4   NS
Medical condition during pregnancy       
 No 10 50 84 100 Fisher < 0.001**
 Yes 10 50 0 0   
  HPT 7 35 ----- ----  
  Celiac disease 3 15    
ASD in family       
 No 20 100 84 100 -- --
Psychiatric disorders in the family       
  No 18 90 84 100 Fisher 0.04*
  Yes 2 10 0 0   
  1. #Non-autistic children included here were those of the high-risk group
  2. **Statistically significant