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Table 4 Comparison between autistic and non-autistic children in child medical history

From: Prevalence and risk factors of autism spectrum disorders in preschool children in Sharkia, Egypt: a community-based study

Variable Autistic
(n = 20)
Non autistic#
(n = 84)
χ2 P
No. % No. %
Congenital anomalies       
 No 17 85 84 100 Fisher 0.006**
 Yes 3 15 0 0   
Chronic medical       
 No 14 70 79 94 9.88 0.002**
 Yes 6 30 5 6   
Neonatal infection       
 No 20 100 5 6 Fisher 0.34
 Yes 0 0 79 94   NS
GIT troubles       
 No 15 75 84 100 Fisher < 0.001**
 Yes 5 25 0 0   
Sleeping troubles       
 No 20 100 84 100 -- --
Take medication       
 No 18 90 84 100 Fisher 0.04*
 Yes 2 10 0 0   
Allergy       
 No 17 85 81 96.4 Fisher 0.06
 Yes 3 15 3 3.6   NS
Hospitalization       
 No 20 100 82 97.6 Fisher 0.65
 Yes 0 0 2 2.4   NS
Operation       
 No 17 85 80 95.2 Fisher 0.08
 Yes 3 15 4 4.8   NS
Child abuse       
 No 20 100 84 100 -- --
  1. #Non-autistic children included here were those of the high-risk group
  2. **Statistically significant