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Table 5 Association between the Davidson Trauma Scale and demographic and clinical characteristics of the studied patients

From: Depressive, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress symptoms affecting hospitalized and home-isolated COVID-19 patients: a comparative cross-sectional study

Demographic and clinical characteristics Positive DTS Negative DTS P
No. % No. %
Age:
 ˂ 40 years old (n = 44) 35 79.6 9 20.4 0.7
 ≥ 40 years old (n = 45) 34 75.6 10 24.4
Sex:
 Male (n = 61) 52 85.3 9 14.7 0.01**
 Female (n = 28) 17 60.7 11 39.3
Marital status:
 Married (n = 59) 49 83.1 10 16.9 0.08
 Single/divorced/widow (n = 30) 20 66.7 6 33.3  
Education level:
 Primary, preparatory, and secondary education (n = 17) 8 47.1 9 52.9 <0.001**
 High- and post-graduate education (n = 72) 61 84.7 11 15.3  
Occupation:
 Medical (n = 35) 32 91.4 3 8.6 0.01**
 Non-medical (n = 54) 37 68.5 17 31.5
Residence:
 Urban (n = 45) 35 77.8 10 22.2 0.9
 Rural (n = 44) 34 77.3 10 22.7
Chronic disease (n = 35) 24 68.6 11 31.4 0.1
Smoking (n = 27) 20 74.1 7 25.9 0.6
History of psychiatric disorder (n = 16) 11 68.8 5 31.2 0.4
Family history of psychiatric disorder (n = 27) 19 70.4 8 29.6 0.3
  1. Test of significance: Pearson’s chi-square test
  2. **Statistical significance