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Table 3 Association between HADS–Anxiety and demographic and clinical characteristics of the studied patients

From: Depressive, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress symptoms affecting hospitalized and home-isolated COVID-19 patients: a comparative cross-sectional study

Demographic and clinical characteristics Normal Borderline Abnormal P
No. % No. % No. %
Age:
 ˂ 40 years old (n = 44) 23 52.3 8 18.2 13 29.5 0.07
 ≥ 40 years old (n = 45) 13 28.9 13 28.9 19 42.2
Sex:
 Male (n = 61) 35 57.4 7 11.5 19 31.1 <0.001**
 Female (n = 28) 1 3.6 14 50.0 13 46.4
Marital status:
 Married (n = 59) 28 47.5 10 16.9 21 35.6 0.06
 Single/divorced/widow (n = 30) 8 62.5 11 0.0 11 37.5
Education level:
 Primary, preparatory, and secondary education (n = 17) 4 23.5 2 11.8 11 64.7 0.02**
 High- and post-graduate education (n = 72) 32 44.4 19 26.4 21 29.2
Occupation:
 Medical (n = 35) 23 65.7 3 8.6 9 25.7 <0.001**
 Non-medical (n = 54) 13 24.1 18 33.3 23 41.6
Residence:
 Urban (n = 45) 20 44.4 7 15.6 18 40.0 0.2
 Rural (n = 44) 16 36.4 14 31.8 14 31.8
Chronic disease (n = 35) 14 40.0 5 14.3 16 45.7 0.2
Smoking (n = 27) 14 51.9 3 11.1 10 37.0 0.1
History of psychiatric disorder (n = 16) 5 31.3 2 12.5 9 56.2 0.2
Family history of psychiatric disorder (n = 27): 6 22.2 4 14.8 17 63.0 0.002**
  1. Test of significance: chi-square for linear trend
  2. **Statistical significance