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Table 2 Comparison between home-isolated patients and hospital-isolated patients in HADS and DTS and dual diagnosis

From: Depressive, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress symptoms affecting hospitalized and home-isolated COVID-19 patients: a comparative cross-sectional study

  Variables Home isolation (n = 43)
Group A
Hospital isolation (n = 46)
Group B
p
HADS and DTS HADS–Anxiety:
Mean ± SD 8.6 ± 2.4 9.3 ± 2.2 0.1
• Normal (0–7) 19 (44.2%) 17 (37.0%)  
• Borderline (8–10) 10 (23.3%) 11 (23.9%) 0.3
• Abnormal (11–21) 14 (32.6%) 18 (39.1%)  
HADS-Depression:
Mean ± SD 12.2 ± 3.6 9.8 ± 2.7 ˂ 0.001**
• Normal (0–7) 6 (14.0%) 13 (28.3%)  
• Borderline (8–10) 7 (16.3%) 18 (39.1%) 0.003**
• Abnormal (11–21) 30 (69.7%) 15 (32.6%)  
Davidson Trauma Scale:
Mean ± SD 22.8 ± 4.3 28.5 ± 5.9 ˂ 0.001**
• Positive DTS (≥ 35) 28 (66.7%) 41 (87.2%)  
• Negative DTS (˂ 35) 14 (33.3%) 6 (12.8%) 0.02**
Having both abnormal scores in HADS and positive results in DTS Abnormal scores in HADS–Anxiety and positive results in DTS:
 Present 5 (11.6%) 14 (30.4%) 0.03**
 Absent 38 (88.4%) 32 (69.6%)
Abnormal scores in HADS–Depression and positive results in DTS:
 Present 21 (48.8%) 11 (23.9%) 0.01**
 Absent 22 (51.2%) 35 (76.1%)
Abnormal scores in both HADS–Depression and HADS–Anxiety:
 Present 9 (20.9%) 4 (8.7%) 0.1
 Absent 34 (79.1%) 42 (91.3%)
  1. Test of significance: Student’s t test and chi-square for linear trend
  2. **Statistical significance