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Table 3 Association between occupational factors and different mental health symptoms among nurses during the COVID-19 outbreak (univariate linear regression)

From: Mental health symptoms among the nurses of Bangladesh during the COVID-19 pandemic

Variables Depression Anxiety Stress Impact of event  
B (95% CI) p-value B (95% CI) p-value B (95% CI) p-value B (95% CI) p-value
Type of healthcare facility
 Tertiary 1.10 (−0.87 to 3.08) 0.272 1.92 (0.08 to 3.76) 0.041* 2.33 (0.22 to 4.45) 0.031* 2.09 (−1.61 to 5.79) 0.267
 Secondary −1.37 (−3.48 to 0.74) 0.201 −0.82 (−2.79 to 1.15) 0.414 −0.72 (−2.98 to 1.54) 0.532 −3.59 (−7.55 to 0.37) 0.075
 Primary Reference   Reference   Reference   Reference  
Type of job
 Government −1.15 (−2.75 to 0.45) 0.159 0.62 (−0.88 to 2.12) 0.416 0.66 (−1.06 to 2.39) 0.451 0.96 (−2.06 to 3.97) 0.534
 Private Reference   Reference   Reference   Reference  
Educational level
 Diploma in nursing −2.35 (−4.46 to −0.23) 0.030* −2.44 (−4.42 to −0.47) 0.015* −4.27 (−6.52 to −2.02) < 0.001* −4.17 (−8.14 to −0.20) 0.039*
 B.Sc. in nursing 0.15 (−2.08 to 2.38) 0.896 0.01 (−2.08 to 2.09) 0.999 0.57 (−2.94 to 1.81) 0.639 1.42 (−2.77 to 5.61) 0.505
 Masters Reference   Reference   Reference   Reference  
Professional title
 Senior staff nurse 0.32 (−3.28 to 3.96) 0.854 2.53 (−0.85 to 5.91) 0.142 −0.37 (−4.26 to 3.52) 0.853 −0.45 (−7.26 to 6.36) 0.896
 Nurse-in-charge Reference   Reference   Reference   Reference  
Working position
 In frontline 0.01 (−1.62 to 1.63) 0.997 0.82 (−0.69 to 2.34) 0.285 1.12 (−0.62 to 2.86) 0.205 1.30 (−1.74 to 4.35) 0.401
 In second-line Reference   Reference   Reference   Reference  
Had complete PPE during working
 Yes −2.68 (−4.26 to −1.10) 0.001* −2.15 (−3.63 to −0.66) 0.005* −3.50 (−5.19 to −1.80) < 0.001* −2.68 (−5.68 to 0.32) 0.080
 No Reference   Reference   Reference   Reference  
Faced any emotional abuse
 Yes 5.51 (3.86 to 7.16) < 0.001* 5.94 (4.42 to 7.47) < 0.001* 6.67 (4.92 to 8.43) < 0.001* 11.46 (8.38 to 14.54) < 0.001*
 No Reference   Reference   Reference   Reference  
  1. B unstandardized coefficient (the negative value means better mental health), CI confidence interval
  2. *Significant at p <0.05