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Table 6 Relationship between sociodemographic characteristics and Autism Quotient (AQ)-Child score among control group (n = 36)

From: Autistic traits in offspring of schizophrenic patients in comparison to those of normal population: a case-control study

Characteristics AQ < 76 (n = 29) AQ ≥ 76 (n = 7) Testa P value
No. (%) No. (%)
Child age (years)
 4–7 (n = 5) 5 (100) 0.0 (00) 0.104 0.747
 > 7–11 (n = 31) 24 (77.4) 7 (22.6)
Child sex
 Male (n = 17) 13 (76.5) 4 (23.5) 0.343 0.558
 Female (n = 19) 16 (84.2) 3 (15.8)
Child education
 Uneducated (n = 3) 1 (33.3) 2 (66.7) 4.502 0.212
 Kindergarten (n = 1) 1 (100) 0.0 (00)
 Primary (n = 29) 24 (82.8) 5 (17.2)
 Preparatory (n = 3) 3 (100) 0.0 (00)
Fathers’ age (years)
 20–39 (n = 15) 13 (86.7) 2 (13.3) 4.717 0.094
 40–59 (n = 19) 16 (84.2) 3 (15.8)
 ≥ 60 (n = 2) 0.0 (00) 2 (100)
Mothers’ age (years)
 20–39 (n = 13) 12 (92.3) 1 (7.7) 2.584 0.274
 40–59 (n = 18) 14 (77.8) 4 (22.2)
 ≥ 60 (n = 5) 3 (60) 2 (40)
Fathers’ education
 Uneducated (n = 19) 14 (73.7) 5 (26.3) 1.213 0.270
 Educated (n = 17) 15 (88.2) 2 (11.7)
Mothers’ education
 Uneducated (n = 21) 15 (71.4) 6 (28.6) 2.680 0.101
 Educated (n = 15) 14 (93.3) 1 (6.7)
Fathers’ occupation
 Not working (n = 14) 10 (71.4) 4 (28.6) 1.218 0.269
 Working (n = 22) 19 (86.4) 3 (13.6)
Mothers’ occupation
 Not working (n = 29) 22 (75.9) 7 (24.1) 0.501 0.479
 Working (n = 7) 7 (100) 0.0 (00)
Family income
 Insufficient (n = 19) 14 (73.7) 5 (26.3) 1.213 0.270
 Sufficient (n = 17) 15 (88.2) 2 (11.8)
Social class
 Low (n = 32) 25 (78.1) 7 (21.9) 0.009 0.925
 Moderate (n = 4) 4 (100) 0.0 (00)
  1. aChi-square test (χ2)