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Table 4 Relationship between sociodemographic characteristics and Autism Quotient (AQ)-Child score among the case group (n = 36)

From: Autistic traits in offspring of schizophrenic patients in comparison to those of normal population: a case-control study

Characteristics AQ < 76 (n = 19) AQ ≥ 76 (n = 17) Testa P value
No. (%) No. (%)
Child age (years)
 4–7 (n = 8) 6 (75) 2 (25) 2.038 0.153
 > 7–11 (n = 28) 13 (46.4) 15 (53.6)
Child sex
 Male (n = 20) 12 (60) 8 (40) 0.051 0.821
 Female (n = 16) 9 (56.3) 7 (43.7)
Child education
 Uneducated (n = 5) 2 (40) 3 (60) 2.095 0.552
 Kindergarten (n = 2) 1 (50) 1 (50)
 Primary (n = 25) 15 (60) 10 (40)
 Preparatory (n = 4) 1 (25) 3 (75)
Fathers’ age (years)
 20–39 (n = 11) 7 (63.6) 4 (36.4) 1.760 0.414
 40–59 (n = 21) 11 (52.4) 10 (47.6)
 ≥ 60 (n = 4) 1 (25) 3 (75)
Mothers’ age (years)
 20–39 (n = 15) 9 (60) 6 (40) 0.825 0.662
 40–59 (n = 18) 9 (50) 9 (50)
 ≥ 60 (n = 3) 1 (33.3) 2 (66.7)
Fathers’ education
 Uneducated (n = 26) 12 (46.2) 14 (53.2) 1.647 0.199
 Educated (n = 10) 7 (70) 3 (30)
Mothers’ education
 Uneducated (n = 23) 10 (43.5) 13 (56.5) 2.210 0.137
 Educated (n = 13) 9 (69.2) 4 (30.8)
Fathers’ occupation
 Not working (n = 15) 6 (40) 9 (60) 1.684 0.194
 Working (n = 21) 13 (61.9) 8 (38.1)
Mothers’ occupation
 Not working (n = 33) 16 (48.5) 17 (51.5) 1.004 0.316
 Working (n = 3) 3 (100) 0.0 (00)
Family income
 Insufficient (n = 24) 9 (37.5) 15 (62.5) 6.743 0.009*
 Sufficient (n = 12) 10 (83.3) 2 (16.7)
Social class
 Low (n = 28) 12 (42.9) 16 (57.1) 4.957 0.026*
 Moderate (n = 8) 7 (87.5) 1 (12.5)
  1. aChi-square test (χ2)
  2. *statistically significance