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Table 2 Association between psychological distress and social factors among the population living in KSA

From: Psychological distress and its risk factors during COVID-19 pandemic in Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study

Social factors Psychological status p value
Likely to be well Mild disorder Moderate disorder Severe disorder
Age
 19–35 years 117 (55.45%) 40 (18.96%) 27 (12.80%) 27 (12.80%) 0.0001
 36–50 years 196 (63.84%) 49 (15.96%) 35 (11.40%) 27 (8.79%)
 More than 50 years 165 (76.04%) 33 (15.21%) 13 (5.99%) 6 (2.76%)
Nationality
 Saudi 421 (64.87%) 105 (16.18%) 70 (10.79%) 53 (8.17%) 0.3
 Non-Saudi, Arabic speakers 49 (62.03%) 17 (21.52%) 6 (7.59%) 7 (8.86%)
 Non-Saudi, non-Arabic speakers 9 (81.82%) 2 (18.18%) 0 (0%) 0 (0%)
Marital status
 Unmarried 97 (55.11%) 34 (19.32%) 21 (11.93%) 24 (13.64%) 0.003
 Married 382 (67.85%) 90 (15.99%) 55 (9.77%) 36 (6.39%)
Gender
 Female 319 (62.92%) 86 (16.96%) 62 (12.23%) 40 (7.89%) 0.08
 Male 158 (68.70%) 38 (16.52%) 14 (6.09%) 20 (8.70%)
Income (SRa [per month)
 Less than 8000 147 (63.36%) 37 (15.95%) 27 (11.64%) 21 (9.05%) 0.4
 8000–16,000 153 (60.96%) 49 (19.52%) 27 (10.76%) 22 (8.76%)
 More than 16,000 179 (69.92%) 38 (14.84%) 22 (8.59%) 17 (6.64%)
Working status
 Not working or retired 199 (65.46%) 49 (16.12%) 33 (10.86%) 23 (7.57%) 0.9
 Working 280 (64.37%) 75 (17.24%) 43 (9.89%) 37 (8.51%)
Being a health care worker
 No 412 (66.03%) 102 (16.35%) 63 (10.10%) 47 (7.53%) 0.3
 Yes 67 (58.26%) 22 (19.13%) 13 (11.30%) 13 (11.30%)
  1. *p < 0.05
  2. p < 0.01
  3. aSaudi riyal